• Can we encourage our grantees to engage in advocacy?

  • What are the penalties for private foundations that engage in direct or grassroots lobbying?

  • What are the lobbying exceptions for private foundations?

  • Can grantees report their advocacy activities to private foundations?

  • What are the rules around funding and engaging in advocacy?

  • What does "earmarking grants" for lobbying mean?

  • What is advocacy and why do foundations engage in it?


Primers offer key information for individual, family, and small-staffed foundation donors, distilled into 10 to 20 pages and available for download from our Store.

Funding and Engaging in Advocacy: Opportunities for Small Foundations

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